The flag of Chad consists of three equal vertical stripes. The blue stripe represents the sky, hope, agriculture and the waters in the south of the Chad. The yellow stripe symbolizes the sun and the desert in the north of Chad. The red stripe stands for progress, unity and sacrifice. The flag of Chad is the same as the flag of Romania, but the two flags are not related historically in any way.
The flag of Rwanda consists of three horizontal stripes. The top stripe is blue, the middle one yellow and the bottom stripe is green. The yellow and green stripes are of equal width and the blue stripe is double the size of those stripes. In the top right corner of the Rwandan flag there is a yellow sun with 24 rays emanating from it. The blue stripe represents happiness and peace. The yellow symbolizes the country's mineral wealth and economic development and green symbolizes the country's natural resources and prosperity. The sun stands for unity, transparency and enlightenment from ignorance.
The flag of Tanzania consists of five diagonal stripes. The top stripe is green, the bottom is an equal-sized blue stripe, and the middle stripe is black with a thin yellow stripe above and below it. The green stripe symbolizes agriculture and the fertility of the land. The black represents the citizens of Tanzania. The blue stripe stands for the Indian Ocean which is on Tanzania's eastern coastline, and the yellow stripe represents the country's mineral wealth. The Tanzanian flag was adopted on June 30, 1964. The Tanzanian flag originates from the flags of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, the two countries that merged together to form Tanzania in April 1964. Tanganyika's flag was green with a yellow edged black horizontal stripe centrally placed; while Zanzibar's flag was a horizontal striped tricolor of blue, black and green. Tanzania chose a diagonal design to show equal status to both flags.
The flag of Seychelles consists of five oblique bands of blue, yellow, red, white and green (from left to right). Red, white and green are the colors of the Seychelles People's United Party; while blue and yellow represent the country's Democratic Party. On their own, the blue represents the sea and sky, yellow represents the sun, red symbolizes the unity of the nation's people, white stands for justice and harmony and green symbolizes the land. The expanding width of the flag's stripes symbolizes the Seychelles growth and vitality.
The Armenian flag consists of three equal sized horizontal stripes - the top stripe is red, the middle one blue and the bottom stripe is orange. There are conflicting views on the meaning of the Armenian flag's colors. The most recognized meaning of the Armenian flag is that the red symbolizes the blood spilt by Armenian soldiers in defense of their country; the orange symbolizes the fertile soil and the farmers that work on it; and the blue represents the sky. Another theory states that the colors mean: red - the sun's energy; blue - the clear sky; and orange - the wheat at harvest.
The flag of Macedonia consists of a centered yellow sun, with eight extending rays, which widen atop a red background. The sun design is a simplified version of the Star of Vergina, which appeared on Macedonia's former national flag. Red has been a significant color throughout the history of Macedonian flags. The sun also represents "the new sun of liberty", which is mentioned in the country's national anthem.
The flag of Iceland consists of a blue base with a red cross (Scandinavian) bordered in white. The vertical stripe of the cross is towards the left side of the flag, leaving the cross uncentered. The cross on the Icelandic flag represents Iceland's Scandinavian connection. The Icelandic flag was designed by Matthias Thordarson. He explained the colors as representing blue for the mountains, white for ice and snow and red for fire and lava as Iceland has much volcanic activity. Blue and white are the country's traditional colors. The Icelandic flag is a reversed version of the Norwegian flag and it reflects Iceland's early ancestral link to Norway. It also incorporates the red and white of Denmark's flag.
The Greek flag features nine horizontal stripes of alternating colors. These stripes are said to symbolize the nine syllables in the Greek phrase that translates to mean “Freedom or Death.” These stripes are also believed to symbolize each letter in the Greek word for “freedom.”
One of the few African flags that utilizes neither the Pan-African colors nor those of a political party, the Botswana flag colors are the same as those on the country's coat of arms. The blue represents water and the black and white symbolize racial harmony, and are also influenced by the country's national animal, the zebra.
The current flag of Brazil was officially adopted on November 15, 1889. 🇧🇷 The flag is green, symbolic of Brazil's lush fields and forests. Its primary feature is a large yellow diamond, symbolic of Brazil's wealth in gold, and in its center floats a blue celestial globe. 🇧🇷 It includes 27 white five-pointed stars (one for each state and the Federal District) arranged in the same pattern as the night sky over Brazil. The globe displays a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO translation = (Order and Progress.)